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Polio Free

Polio Resources

A timeline of polio's eradication from around the world

Introduction: This interactive map visually plots global outbreaks of measles, mumps, whooping cough, polio, rubella, and other diseases that are easily preventable by inexpensive and effective vaccines. The Global Health Program at the Council of Foreign Relations has been tracking news reports on these outbreaks since the fall of 2008. This project aims to promote awareness of a global health problem that is easily preventable. Fact Sheets 

Wild Poliovirus 2005-2011: countries, cases dates - download pdf

Strategic Plan overview -The way to a lasting polio-free world: English ¦ français

Milestone monitoring - GPEI global milestones 2010-2013, mid-course corrections and strategic guidance:English ¦ français

Common operational approaches - Incorporating global approaches to ensure local solutions: English ¦ français

Asia - Interrupting wild poliovirus transmission in Asia: English ¦ français

India - High-risk areas, hard-to-reach groups, technical challenges: English ¦ français

Pakistan - Operational gaps and hampered access to children: English ¦ français

Afghanistan - Securing access to children in a war zone: English ¦ français

Africa - Interrupting wild poliovirus transmission in Africa: English ¦ français

Nigeria - Remarkable progress, but urgent need to finish the job: English ¦ français

Countries with re-established poliovirus transmission - Prolonged outbreaks due to inadequate health systems lead to "re-established transmission": English ¦ français

Countries with recurrent importations - Routes of international spread and high-risk areas for outbreaks are now evident: English ¦ français

Enhancing global poliovirus surveillance and outbreak response: Rapid disease surveillance enables rapid outbreak response: English ¦ français

Polio infrastructure works to strengthen immunization systems - Strong immunization systems reduce the risk of outbreaks: English ¦ français

Major enabling factors - Major enabling factors to overcome key challenges and assure the full implementation of new approaches: English ¦ français

Roles and responsibilities - The full implementation of the Strategic Plan 2010-2012 requires the engagement of sub-national, national, regional and global stakeholders: English ¦ français

Post-eradication planning - Management of long-term risks after the eradication of wild poliovirus: English ¦ français

What You Should Know

Communication Initiative: Polio Communication site

GAVI Alliance: Saving children's lives and protecting people's health by increasing access to immunisation in poor countries - With GAVI Alliance support, developing countries are making important progress in introducing life-saving vaccines faster than ever before.

About the Disease

Brief description
Symptoms, treatment, transmission, etc.

Questions and Answers

Polio: Information for Parents

Polio: Unprotected Story
The true story of how the U.S. came together in an effort to create a vaccine to protect children from polio.

Pictures of Polio
Warning: Some of these photos are quite graphic.

Video clips of Polio
Warning: Some of these video images are quite graphic.

History of polio
Smithsonian Museum

Travelers information
Information and updates on risks for travelers, precautions, prevention, etc.

Global polio disease
Global eradication, STOP teams, partners, websites, etc.

Vaccine Information

A person is considered to be fully immunized if he or she has received a primary series of at least three doses of inactivated poliovirus vaccine (IPV), live oral poliovirus vaccine (OPV), or four doses of any combination of IPV and OPV. Until recently, the benefits of OPV use (i.e. intestinal immunity, secondary spread) outweighed the risk for vaccine-associated paralytic poliomyelitis (VAPP) which occurred in one child out of every 2.4 million OPV doses distributed. To eliminate the risk of vaccine-associated paralytic poliomyelitis (VAPP), as of January 1, 2000, OPV was no longer recommended for routine immunization in the United States. However, OPV continues to be used in the countries where polio is endemic or the risk of importation and transmission is high. OPV is recommended for global polio eradication activities in polio-endemic countries due to its advantages over IPV in providing intestinal immunity and providing secondary spread of the vaccine to unprotected contacts.

Who needs this vaccine and when?

Side Effects
Excerpt from Vaccine Information Statement

A Polio-Free US Thanks to Vaccine Efforts 
The United States has been polio-free since 1979. But poliovirus is still a threat in some countries.

Vaccine Information Statement (VIS)

Questions and Answers

School Vaccine Requirements

Polio vaccine for travelers who are going to certain countries

Polio Vaccine Timeline
Source: History of Vaccines

Beliefs & Concerns

Debunked: The Polio Vaccine and HIV Link
Source: History of Vaccines

Polio: Travel Health Help

Travel Information: Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention

Vaccine Safety

As with all vaccines, there can be minor reactions, including pain and redness at the injection site, headache, fatigue or a vague feeling of discomfort.

CDC's Vaccine Safety website

concerns | report a suspected vaccine reaction

Are vaccines safe?
FAQs on The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia website

Lessening the Pain of Vaccines
The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

Who Should Not be Vaccinated?

What if we stopped vaccinating for this disease?

Who should not be vaccinated with Polio vaccine?

Pregnancy guidelines

For Health Professionals

Clinical Information on Polio

Pink Book's chapter on Polio (Updated April 2011)
Epidemiology & Prevention of Vaccine-Preventable Diseases, 12th Edition

Pediarix vaccine: questions and answers

Ask the Experts
CDC experts answer your clinical questions (Immunization Action Coalition)

Poliovirus in Healthcare Settings


Prevention & Control

Proper storage and handling of vaccines Updates September 2011
CDC Vaccine Storage and Handling guide includes shelf life, reconstitution instructions...

Vaccine Recommendations

ACIP recommendations Updated August 2009


Package inserts (IPOL, Kinrix, Pediarix, Pentacel, and more package inserts...) Posted Feb 2010

ACIP - Vaccines for Children (VFC) Resolution

References and Resources

Pink Book's chapter on Polio Adobe Acrobat print-friendly PDF file [PDF-557KB, 14 pages] Updated April 2011 
Epidemiology & Prevention of Vaccine-Preventable Diseases, 12th Edition

Vaccines, 5th Edition
(1748 pages, $325.00, 2008©) By Stanley A. Plotkin, MD, Walter A. Orenstein, MD and Paul A. Offit, MD

Surveillance manual's chapter on Polio
Manual for the Surveillance of Vaccine-Preventable Diseases textbook, 3rd edition, 2002. Because there was no polio chapter in the 2008 4th edition, you are being send to the previous edition's information.

Travelers Health: Yellow Book

Global polio disease and vaccines

Infection control guidelines

Provider Education

Podcasts on this topic

CDC's Global Polio Eradication: Vaccine Guidelines for Healthcare Providers

Polio podcast from Rotary International

WHO's 2007 polio eradication podcast

Materials for Patients

Vaccine Information Statement (VIS)

History of polio
Smithsonian Institute

Stories of people who suffered or died from vaccine-preventable diseases

Polio: Questions and Answers Adobe Acrobat print-friendly PDF file [PDF-101KB, 3 pages]
Ready-to-print versions of one of the CDC-reviewed Q&A material located on IAC's Vaccine Information website (http://www.vaccineinformation.org) Dated 4/07

Poliomielitis - Las vacunas y las enfermedades que previenen (Spanish materials)

Polio eBook Resources - a free search engine that provides an option to search for and download various PDF & DOC documents, data sheets etc. Our crawlers harvested a huge database files through different open Internet resources such as blogs, forums, BBS and others. This database is regularly checked for file validity so now you can search within more than three million live documents.

Open Yale Courses

HIST 234: Epidemics in Western Society Since 1600
Lecture 24 - Poliomyelitis: Problems of Eradication

The Global Polio Eradication Initiative, the largest public health campaign ever launched, began in 1988 with the ambition of achieving its goal by the year 2000. In the decade since this deadline was missed, the initiative has suffered a number of setbacks, notably in the tropical world. Four major types of problems have impeded the eradication effort: operational, biological, political and religious. Northern Nigeria offers a case study of all of these factors, with domestic political and religious conflict, unsanitary conditions, and suspicion of Western medicine all undermining the anti-polio campaign. One of the questions raised by the campaign's struggle is whether or not eradication is itself a realistic public health goal, and to what extent smallpox furnishes a model precedent or a potentially misleading dream scenario.


Class Session Video High ~ 700 mb. - Medium ~ 250 mb. Audio ~ 20 mb.
24. Poliomyelitis: Problems of Eradication high bandwidth   medium bandwidth mp3

Polio Free


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